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Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar

Jayachamaraja Wodeyar

Jayachamaraja Wodeyar

Sri jayachamarajendra wodeyar was the only son of Yuvaraja Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wodeyar and Yuvarani Kempu Cheluva Ammani. He was the last King of the Princely State. He ruled Mysore from 1940 – 1950.
His Highness Jayachamaraja Wodeyar graduated from the Maharaja’s College in 1938, and obtained five gold medals. Maharaja got married to Maharani Sathya Prema Kumari of Charkhari. Though this marriage failed as the Queen settled in Jaipur. He explored Europe in 1939, and became acquainted with the scholars and artists there. He was a noted political thinker, philanthropist, philosopher and musicologist. He ascended the throne on September 8 1940, after the death of his uncle Maharaja Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar. Later, on 30 April 1944 he got married to Tripura Sundariamanniavaru and produced 6 children.
Jayachamaraja Wodeyar was a good tennis player and a horseman and he helped Ramanathan Krishnan to participate at Wimbledon. There are many wildlife trophies acquired by him, in the Palace Collections.
He was an expert of both Western and Carnatic music. The king helped the little-known Russian composer Nikolai Medtner, by financing his recording and in founding the ‘Medtner Society’ in 1949. Medtner’s ‘Third Piano Concerto’ is dedicated to the Maharaja. He became a master of the Guildhall School of Music, London and honoured person of Trinity College of Music, London in 1945. He aspired to become a concert pianist, but his dreams were shattered when his father Yuvaraja Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wodeyar in 1939, and his uncle Maharaja Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV in 1940. He was the 1st President of the Philharmonia Concert Society, London in 1948.
After he became the Maharaja, he was influenced by the Carnatic Music (Classical Music) due to the cultural liveliness that prevailed in the court of Mysore. He learned to play Veena by Vid.Venkatagiriappa and mastered in Carnatic Music. He assumed the name “Chitprabhananda” by his Guru Sri.Siddalingaswamy. This encouraged him to compose 94 krutis in Carnatic Music under his assumed name “Shri Vidya”. While this process, he built 3 temples in Mysore City namely – Bhuvaneshwari Temple and Gayathri Temple inside the Mysore Palace and Kamakameshwari Temple in Ramanuja Road. All the 3 idols in the temples were sculpted by the famous sculptor, Shilpi Siddalingaswamy.
Mysore Vasudevachar, R.N.Doreswamy, S.N.Mariappa, Tiger Vardachar, Titte Krishna Iyengar are some of the Indian musicians who received patronage in his court.
He witnessed (signed) the Instrument of Accession with the Dominion of India on the eve of India attaining Independence in August 1947. After the Independence the Princely state was merged with the Republic of India on 26 January 1950. Jayachamaraja Wodeyar became the first Governor of Unified State of Mysore. After his death on 23 September 1974, at the age of 55, he was the last prince living with 21-gun salute.