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Krishnaraja Wodeyar III

Krishnaraja Wodeyar III

Krishnaraja Wodeyar III

Krishnaraja Wodeyar III was the successor of Maharaja Khasa Chamaraja Wodeyar IX. He was popularly known asMummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar. He was born in Srirangapatana. He was born to the first wife of Khasa Chamaraja Wodeyar IX, Maharani Kempa Nanja Ammani Avaru. He ruled the Princely State-Mysore for almost seventy years (30 June 1799 – 27 March 1868). He is well known for his contribution in the field of arts and music. Chamaraja Wodeyar IX was the adopted son of Maharani Lakshmi Devi Ammani. Maharani Lakshmi Devi Ammani played a major role in the upbringing of her adopted grandson, Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar. Mysore had lost the throne in 1766 to Hyder Ali. Maharani Lakshmi Devi Ammani was waiting for a chance to dethrone Hyder Ali and later his son Tippu Sultan and sent numerous requests to the British to dethrone them and handover the Kingdom to the Wodeyars. While Tippu Sultan died, she asked the British to hand over the Kingdom back to the Wodeyars. Then finally, five year old Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar was handed over the throne on 30 June 1799. The Ceremony took place in a special pavilion located near the Lakshmirammana Swamy Temple in the Royal state. Then, Dewan Purnaiah was appointed as the Dewan till the King attained the age of discretion.
Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar was himself a writer. He wrote books like ‘Sritaattvanidhi’ and ‘Sougandhikaparinaya’. He even had many writers in his court, who contributed to the development of Kannada Prose. Many important writings emerged during his rule namely Kalavathi Parinaya, Mudramanjusha and Vachana Kadambari. He was an expert in board games and is credited to restore the Ganjifa game. He gave a lot of importance to arts and scholars in his court. Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar III himself composed more than 50 works. The Yakshagana form of Literature, its survival and its growth is all due to his efforts. He also translated ‘Othello’, the famous work of Shakespeare in Kannada named it as ‘Shurasena Charita’.He was popularly called as “Bhoja Raja” in Kannada. He was succeeded by his grandson Chamaraja Wodeyar X.